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ISO 6944-1-2008

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ISO 6944-1-2008

Reference numberISO 6944-12008EISO 2008INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO6944-1First edition2008-04-15Fire containment Elements of building construction Part 1 Ventilation ducts Endiguement du feu lments de construction Partie 1 Conduits de ventilation Copyright International Organization for Standardization Provided by IHS under license with ISO Not for ResaleNo reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS--,,,,,,--,,,,,,,---ISO 6944-12008E PDF disclaimer This PDF file may contain embedded typefaces. In accordance with Adobes licensing policy, this file may be printed or viewed but shall not be edited unless the typefaces which are embedded are licensed to and installed on the computer performing the editing. In downloading this file, parties accept therein the responsibility of not infringing Adobes licensing policy. The ISO Central Secretariat accepts no liability in this area. Adobe is a trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated. Details of the software products used to create this PDF file can be found in the General Info relative to the file; the PDF-creation parameters were optimized for printing. Every care has been taken to ensure that the file is suitable for use by ISO member bodies. In the unlikely event that a problem relating to it is found, please inform the Central Secretariat at the address given below. COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT ISO 2008 All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or ISOs member body in the country of the requester. ISO copyright office Case postale 56 CH-1211 Geneva 20 Tel. 41 22 749 01 11 Fax 41 22 749 09 47 E-mail copyrightiso.org Web www.iso.org Published in Switzerland ii ISO 2008 – All rights reservedCopyright International Organization for Standardization Provided by IHS under license with ISO Not for ResaleNo reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS--,,,,,,--,,,,,,,---ISO 6944-12008E ISO 2008 – All rights reserved iiiContents Page Foreword iv Introduction v 1 Scope 1 2 Normative references 2 3 Terms and definitions .2 4 Apparatus .2 5 Test conditions 10 6 Test specimen10 7 Installation of test specimen 13 8 Conditioning.15 9 Application of instrumentation.16 10 Test procedure.22 11 Performance criteria23 12 Test report 24 13 Field of direct application of test results 25 Annex A informative General guidance28 Bibliography 32 Copyright International Organization for Standardization Provided by IHS under license with ISO Not for ResaleNo reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS--,,,,,,--,,,,,,,---ISO 6944-12008E iv ISO 2008 – All rights reservedForeword ISO the International Organization for Standardization is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies ISO member bodies. The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission IEC on all matters of electrotechnical standardization. International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2. The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an International Standard requires approval by at least 75 of the member bodies casting a vote. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. ISO 6944-1 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 92, Fire safety, Subcommittee SC 2, Fire containment. This first edition of ISO 6944-1, cancels and replaces ISO 69441985, which has been technically revised. ISO 6944 consists of the following parts, under the general title Fire containment Elements of building construction ⎯ Part 1 Ventilation ducts A Part 2, dealing with kitchen extract ducts, is under development. Copyright International Organization for Standardization Provided by IHS under license with ISO Not for ResaleNo reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS--,,,,,,--,,,,,,,---ISO 6944-12008E ISO 2008 – All rights reserved vIntroduction The purpose of this test is to measure the ability of a representative duct or duct assembly that is part of an air-distribution system to resist the spread of fire from one fire compartment to another, with fire attack from inside or outside the duct. It is applicable to vertical and horizontal ducts, with or without branches, taking into account joints and exhaust openings, as well as suspension devices and penetration points. This part of ISO 6944 is very similar to EN 1366-1, but includes an alternative arrangement for testing elbows. The test measures the length of time during which ducts of specified dimensions, suspended as they normally are in practice, satisfy defined criteria when exposed to fire from either inside or outside the duct. All ducts inside the furnace are fully restrained in all directions. Outside the furnace, ducts exposed to fire from the outside are tested unrestrained, while ducts exposed to fire from the inside horizontal only are tested restrained. The test takes into account the effect of fire exposure from the outside, where a 300 Pa underpressure is maintained in the duct, as well as the effect of fire entering the ducts under conditions where forced air movement might or might not be present, by maintaining an air velocity of 3 m/s. Ducts exposed to fire from the inside are supplied with air in a manner that is representative of the “fan off” and “fan on” situations that can arise in practice. Copyright International Organization for Standardization Provided by IHS under license with ISO Not for ResaleNo reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS--,,,,,,--,,,,,,,---Copyright International Organization for Standardization Provided by IHS under license with ISO Not for ResaleNo reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS--,,,,,,--,,,,,,,---INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 6944-12008E ISO 2008 – All rights reserved 1Fire containment Elements of building construction Part 1 Ventilation ducts CAUTION The attention of all persons concerned with managing and carrying out this fire resistance test is drawn to the fact that fire testing can be hazardous and that there is the possibility that toxic and/or harmful smoke and gases can be evolved during the test. Mechanical and operational hazards can also arise during the construction of the test elements or structures, their testing and disposal of test residues. It is strongly recommended that the duct assembly be allowed to cool completely after the fire test, before dismantling, to minimize the possibility of ignition of combustible residues. An assessment of all potential hazards and risks to health shall be made and safety precautions shall be identified and provided. Written safety instructions shall be issued. Appropriate training shall be given to relevant personnel. Laboratory personnel shall ensure that they follow written safety instructions at all times. 1 Scope This part of ISO 6944 specifies a method for determining the fire resistance of vertical and horizontal ventilation ducts under standardized fire conditions. The test examines the behaviour of ducts exposed to fire from the outside duct A and fire inside the duct duct B. It is intended that this part of ISO 6944 be used in conjunction with ISO 834-1. This part of ISO 6944 is not applicable to a ducts whose fire resistance depends on the fire resistance performance of a ceiling, b ducts containing fire dampers at points where they pass through fire separations, c doors of inspection openings, unless included in the duct to be tested, d two- or three-sided ducts, e the fixing of suspension devices to floors or walls. NOTE Annex A provides general guidance and gives background information. Copyright International Organization for Standardization Provided by IHS under license with ISO Not for ResaleNo reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS--,,,,,,--,,,,,,,---ISO 6944-12008E 2 ISO 2008 – All rights reserved2 Normative references The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document including any amendments applies. ISO 834-1, Fire-resistance tests Elements of building construction Part 1 General requirements ISO 5167-1, Measurement of fluid flow by means of pressure differential devices inserted in circular cross-section conduits running full Part 1 General principles and requirements ISO 5221, Air distribution and air diffusion Rules to methods of measuring air flow rate in an air handling duct ISO 13943, Fire safety Vocabulary 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 834-1 and ISO 13943, and the following apply. 3.1 fire resisting duct duct used for the distribution or extraction of air and designed to provide a degree of fire resistance 3.2 suspension device components used for supporting and fixing a duct from a floor or supporting a duct from a wall 3.3 supporting devices wall, partition or floor through which the duct passes during the test 3.4 compensator device that is used to prevent damage from the forces generated by expansion 4 Apparatus 4.1 In addition to the test equipment specified in ISO 834-1, the following apparatus is required. 4.2 Furnace, capable of subjecting ventilation ducts to the standard heating conditions specified in ISO 834-1 and suitable for testing ducts in the vertical see Figure 1 or horizontal see Figure 2 orientation. Figures 1 and 2 show two ducts being tested together. When two ducts are tested together, they shall be separated by a minimum of 500 mm. It is also permitted to test each duct singularly in the furnace. 4.3 Fan A, capable of producing an underpressure of 300 15 Pa within duct A see Figure 3 at the start and throughout the test, and shall be connected, either directly or by a suitable length of flexible ducting, to the measuring station 4.5. 4.4 Fan B, capable of producing an air velocity when extracting gas from duct B see Figure 4 of at least 3 m/s measured at ambient temperature in the duct before the test. It shall be connected, either directly or by a suitable length of flexible ducting, to the velocity-measuring station 4.8. The fan shall be provided with a by-pass vent that can be opened prior to shutting the damper 4.7. Copyright International Organization for Standardization Provided by IHS under license with ISO Not for ResaleNo reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS--,,,,,,--,,,,,,,---ISO 6944-12008E ISO 2008 – All rights reserved 3Dimensions in millimetres Key 1 furnace wall 7 furnace chamber 2 sealed end 8 openings providing a total area of 50 of duct cross-section 3 fire-protection system 9 furnace floor 4 location for fire stopping normal practice 10 leakage-measuring station see Figure 3 for details 5 joint in fire-protection system 11 gas-velocity-measuring station see Figure 4 for details 6 furnace roof 12 duct A 13 duct B W width H height D diameter See 4.2. Figure 1 Test arrangement for vertical ducts Copyright International Organization for Standardization Provided by IHS under license with ISO Not for ResaleNo reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS--,,,,,,--,,,,,,,---ISO 6944-12008E 4 ISO 2008 – All rights reservedDimensions in millimetres Key 1 furnace wall 9 duct B 2 duct with 90 elbow 10 supporting construction 3 sealed end 11 furnace chamber 4 location for fire stopping normal practice 12 openings providing a total area of 50 of duct cross-section 5 fire-protection system 13 sealed end of elbow 6 location of restraint positions 14 200 mm minimum supporting construction 7 joints in fire-protection system 15 leakage-measuring station see Figure 3 for details 8 duct A 16 gas-velocity-measuring station see Figure 4 for details W width or diameter See 4.2. Figure 2 Test arrangement for horizontal ducts Copyright International Organization for Standardization Provided by IHS under license with ISO Not for ResaleNo reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS--,,,,,,--,,,,,,,---ISO 6944-12008E ISO 2008 – All rights reserved 5Figure 3 continued Copyright International Organization for Standardization Provided by IHS under license with ISO Not for ResaleNo reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS--,,,,,,--,,,,,,,---ISO 6944-12008E 6 ISO 2008 – All rights reservedKey 1 pressure sensor to furnace 11 flexible connecting duct 2 pressure sensor on centre-line of duct 12 support for flow-measuring system 3 office plate, venture or similar 13 thermocouple, 1,5 mm diameter 4 pressure differential of 300 Pa 14 flow straightener where necessary 5 pressure sensor in laboratory 15 flange 6 pressure-differential control box 16 support for duct outside furnace 7 pressure-control dilution damper 17 test duct 8 pneumatic-actuator manual control 18 condensing device 9 balancing damper 19 horizontal duct A 10 fan 20 vertical duct A aThermocouple located 2d from key item 3; see Note. NOTE d is the diameter of the measuring duct downstream from the flow-measuring device. Figure 3 Leakage-measuring station for duct A Copyright International Organization for Standardization Provided by IHS under license with ISO Not for ResaleNo reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS--,,,,,,--,,,,,,,---ISO 6944-12008E ISO 2008 – All rights reserved 7Figure 4 continued Copyright International Organization for Standardization Provided by IHS under license with ISO Not for ResaleNo reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS--,,,,,,--,,,,,,,---ISO 6944-12008E 8 ISO 2008 – All rights reservedKey 1 pressure sensor to furnace 11 thermocouple, 1,5 mm diameter 2 pressure sensor on centre-line of duct 12 support for velocity-measuring station near duct 3 pressure sensor in labor

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