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ASTM E1693-95 (Reapproved 2012)

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ASTM E1693-95 (Reapproved 2012)

Designation E1693 − 95 Reapproved 2012 An American National StandardStandard Classification forServiceability of an Office Facility for Protection ofOccupant Assets1,2This standard is issued under the fixed designation E1693; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year oforiginal adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. Asuperscript epsilon indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.1. Scope1.1 This classification covers pairs of scales for classifyingan aspect of the serviceability of an office facility, that is, thecapability of an office facility to meet certain possible require-ments to protect occupant assets.1.2 Each pair of scales, shown in Figs. 1-8, printed side byside on a page, are for classifying one topic of serviceabilitywithin that aspect of serviceability. Each paragraph in anOccupant Requirement Scale see Figs. 1-8 summarizes onelevel of serviceability on that topic that occupants mightrequire. The matching entry in the Facility Rating Scale seeFigs. 1-8 is a translation of the requirement into a descriptionof certain features of a facility that, taken in combination,indicate that the facility is likely to meet that level of requiredserviceability.1.3 The entries in the Facility Rating Scale see Figs. 1-8are indicative and not comprehensive. They are for quickscanning, to estimate approximately, rapidly, andeconomically, how well an office facility is likely to meet theneeds of one or another type of occupant group over time. Theentries are not for measuring, knowing, and evaluating how anoffice facility is performing.1.4 This classification can be used to estimate the level ofserviceability of an existing facility. It can also be used toestimate the serviceability of a facility that has been plannedbut not yet built, such as one for which single-line drawingsand outline specifications have been prepared.1.5 This classification indicates what would cause a facilityto be rated at a certain level of serviceability, but it does notstate how to conduct a serviceability rating nor how to assigna serviceability score. That information is found in PracticeE1334. The scales in this classification are complementary toand compatible with Practice E1334. Each requires the other.2. Referenced Documents2.1 ASTM Standards3E631 Terminology of Building ConstructionsE1334 Practice for Rating the Serviceability of a Building orBuilding-Related FacilityE1679 Practice for Setting the Requirements for the Service-ability of a Building or Building-Related Facility2.2 ISO Documents.4ISO 6240 International Standard, Performance Standards inBuildingContents and PresentationISO/DIS 7162 Draft International Standard, PerformanceStandards in BuildingContents and Format of Standardsfor Evaluation of PerformanceISO/DIS 7164 Draft International Standard, PerformanceStandards in BuildingDefinitions and Means of Expres-sion for the Performance of a Whole Building3. Terminology3.1 Definitions For standard definitions of terms applicableto this classification, see Terminology E631.3.1.1 facility, na physical setting used to serve a specificpurpose. E6313.1.1.1 DiscussionA facility may be within a building, ora whole building, or a building with its site and surroundingenvironment; or it may be a construction that is not a building.The term encompasses both the physical object and its use.3.1.2 facility serviceabilitythe capability of a facility toperform the functions for which it is designed, used, orrequired to be used. E6313.1.2.1 DiscussionThe scope of this performance is of thefacility as a system, including its subsystems, components, andmaterials and their interactions, such as acoustical,1This classification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee E06 onPerformance of Buildings and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee E06.25on Whole Buildings and Facilities.Current edition approved April 1, 2012. Published April 2012. Originallyapproved in 1995. Last previous edition approved in 2005 as E1693 – 95 2005.DOI 10.1520/E1693-95R12.2Portions of this document are based on material originally prepared by theInternational Centre for Facilities ICF and 1993 by ICF and Minister of PublicWorks and Government Services Canada. Their cooperation in the development ofthis standard is acknowledged.3For referenced ASTM standards, visit the ASTM website, www.astm.org, orcontact ASTM Customer Service at serviceastm.org. For Annual Book of ASTMStandards volume information, refer to the standard’s Document Summary page onthe ASTM website.4Available from American National Standards Institute ANSI, 25 W. 43rd St.,4th Floor, New York, NY 10036, http//www.ansi.org.Copyright ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. United States1FIG. 1 Scale A.8.1 for Control of Access from Building Public Zone to Occupant Reception ZoneE1693 − 95 20122hydrothermal, air purity, and economic; and of the relativeimportance of each performance requirement.3.1.3 offıcea place, such as a room, suite, or building, inwhich business, clerical, or professional activities areconducted. E6313.2 Definitions of Terms Specific to This Standard3.2.1 hours of operation3.2.1.1 active hoursthe time during which a facility isnormally fully occupied and operational.3.2.1.2 normal working hoursthe time during the daywhen staff are normally at work, starting with the normalarrival in the morning of the first staff and ending with thenormal departure time of the last staff. This excludes the timeof an evening or night shift, the time when staff are workinglater than normal, weekends, and legal holidays.3.2.1.3 silent hoursthe period when a facility is essentiallyunoccupied, although security, cleaning, and building opera-tions staff may be present.3.2.1.4 transitional hoursthe time during the morningafter the first workers normally arrive until a facility is fullyoperational, and during the evening from the end of normalwork until the normal workers have left, although security,cleaning, and building operations staff may be present.3.2.2 security functions3.2.2.1 detectiondevices and methods such as guards,alarms and access control, and monitoring systems, designed toindicate, and possibly verify, attempted or actual unauthorizedaccess.3.2.2.2 protectionphysical and psychological barriers thatwill delay or deter someone attempting unauthorized access.3.2.2.3 responsereactions to attempted or actual unauthor-ized access, such as the involvement of a guard or policeforces, damage assessments, and remedial measures to forestallthe repetition of a security breach.3.2.3 zones of physical securityFIG. 1 Scale A.8.1 for Control of Access from Building Public Zone to Occupant Reception Zone continuedE1693 − 95 20123FIG. 2 Scale A.8.2 for Interior Zones of SecurityE1693 − 95 201243.2.3.1 high-security zonean area that is monitored con-tinuously and where access is limited to authorized personnel.3.2.3.2 occupant zonethe occupant’s premises, which in-cludes all of the zones listed below. It may be the same as theoccupied area if that does not include any public access zone.3.2.3.3 operations zonean area to which access is limitedto employees and visitors with a legitimate reason for beingthere.3.2.3.4 public access zonethat area to which the publichas free access. These are normally the grounds of a facilityand the public corridors in multi-tenant buildings.3.2.3.5 reception zonean area to which the general pub-lic’s access can be limited. Access could be limited to specifictimes of day or for specific reasons.3.2.3.6 secure zonean area that is monitored continuouslyand where access is controlled. See Fig. 9.4. Significance and Use4.1 Each facility rating scale in this classification provides ameans for estimating the level of serviceability of a building orfacility for one topic of serviceability, and for comparing thatlevel against the level of any other building or facility.4.2 This classification can be used for comparing how welldifferent buildings or facilities meet a particular requirementfor serviceability. It is applicable despite differences such aslocation, structure, mechanical systems, age, and buildingshape.4.3 This classification can be used to estimate the amount ofvariance of serviceability from target or from requirement, fora single office facility, or within a group of office facilities.4.4 This classification can be used to estimate the following1 the serviceability of an existing facility for uses other thanits present use; 2 the serviceability potential of a facility thathas been planned but not yet built; and 3 the serviceabilitypotential of a facility for which a remodeling has beenplanned.4.5 The use of this classification does not result in buildingevaluation or diagnosis. Building evaluation or diagnosisgenerally requires a special expertise in building engineering ortechnology and the use of instruments, tools, or measurements.4.6 This classification applies only to facilities that arebuilding constructions or parts thereof. While this classifica-tion may be useful in rating the serviceability of facilities thatare not building constructions, such facilities are outside thescope of this classification.4.7 This classification is not intended for, and is not suitablefor, use for regulatory purposes, nor for fire hazard assessmentor fire risk assessment.5. Basis of Classification5.1 The scales shown in Figs. 1-8 contain the basis for thisclassification.5.2 Instructions for the use of this classification are con-tained in Practices E1334 and E1679.6. Keywords6.1 building; facility; facility occupants; function; office;performance; protection; of assets of building occupants;rating; rating scale; requirements; serviceability; use; vaultssecure rooms; zones of securityFIG. 2 Scale A.8.2 for Interior Zones of Security continuedE1693 − 95 20125FIG. 3 Scale A.8.3 for Vaults and Secure RoomsE1693 − 95 20126FIG. 3 Scale A.8.3 for Vaults and Secure Rooms continuedE1693 − 95 20127FIG. 4 Scale A.8.4 for Security of Cleaning Service SystemsE1693 − 95 20128FIG. 4 Scale A.8.4 for Security of Cleaning Service Systems continuedE1693 − 95 20129FIG. 5 Scale A.8.5 for Security of Maintenance Service SystemsE1693 − 95 201210FIG. 6 Scale A.8.6 for Security of Renovations Outside Active HoursE1693 − 95 201211FIG. 6 Scale A.8.6 for Security of Renovations Outside Active Hours continuedE1693 − 95 201212FIG. 7 Scale A.8.7 for Systems for Secure GarbageE1693 − 95 201213FIG. 8 Scale A.8.8 for Security of Key and Card Control SystemsE1693 − 95 201214ASTM International takes no position respecting the validity of any patent rights asserted in connection with any item mentionedin this standard. Users of this standard are expressly advised that determination of the validity of any such patent rights, and the riskof infringement of such rights, are entirely their own responsibility.This standard is subject to revision at any time by the responsible technical committee and must be reviewed every five years andif not revised, either reapproved or withdrawn. Your comments are invited either for revision of this standard or for additional standardsand should be addressed to ASTM International Headquarters. Your comments will receive careful consideration at a meeting of theresponsible technical committee, which you may attend. If you feel that your comments have not received a fair hearing you shouldmake your views known to the ASTM Committee on Standards, at the address shown below.This standard is copyrighted by ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959,United States. Individual reprints single or multiple copies of this standard may be obtained by contacting ASTM at the aboveaddress or at 610-832-9585 phone, 610-832-9555 fax, or serviceastm.org e-mail; or through the ASTM websitewww.astm.org. Permission rights to photocopy the standard may also be secured from the ASTM website www.astm.org/COPYRIGHT/.FIG. 9 Scale Zones of Physical SecurityE1693 − 95 201215

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