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ASTM D2287-12

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ASTM D2287-12

Designation D2287 − 12Standard Specification forNonrigid Vinyl Chloride Polymer and Copolymer Moldingand Extrusion Compounds1This standard is issued under the fixed designation D2287; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year oforiginal adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. Asuperscript epsilon indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.This standard has been approved for use by agencies of the U.S. Department of Defense.1. Scope*1.1 This specification covers nonrigid vinyl chloride poly-mer and copolymer classes in which the resin portion of thecomposition contains at least 90 vinyl chloride. The remain-ing 10 can include one or more monomers copolymerizedwith vinyl chloride or consist of other resins mechanicallyblended with polyvinyl chloride or copolymers thereof.1.2 These nonrigid vinyl compounds are defined by ahardness range and include the necessary stabilizers,plasticizers, fillers, dyes, and pigments to meet the designatedrequirements.1.3 This specification includes nonrigid vinyl chloride com-pounds recommended for compression molding, injectionmolding, and extrusion, but it must be recognized that particu-lar compounds are not suitable for all these means of fabrica-tion.NOTE 1This standard and ISO 2898-1 and ISO 2898-2 address thesame subject matter, but differ in technical content.1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as thestandard. The values given in parentheses are for informationonly.1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of thesafety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is theresponsibility of the user of this standard to establish appro-priate safety and health practices and determine the applica-bility of regulatory limitations prior to use.1.6 The text of this specification references notes andfootnotes which provide explanatory material. These notes andfootnotes excluding those in tables and figures shall not beconsidered as requirements of this specification.1.7 Recycle PVC plastics meeting the requirements of thisspecification may be used in some applications. Refer to thespecific requirements in the Materials and Manufacture sectionof the applicable product standard.2. Referenced Documents2.1 ASTM Standards2D257 Test Methods for DC Resistance or Conductance ofInsulating MaterialsD618 Practice for Conditioning Plastics for TestingD635 Test Method for Rate of Burning and/or Extent andTime of Burning of Plastics in a Horizontal PositionD638 Test Method for Tensile Properties of PlasticsD746 Test Method for Brittleness Temperature of Plasticsand Elastomers by ImpactD792 Test Methods for Density and Specific Gravity Rela-tive Density of Plastics by DisplacementD883 Terminology Relating to PlasticsD1203 Test Methods for Volatile Loss From Plastics UsingActivated Carbon MethodsD1600 Terminology forAbbreviated Terms Relating to Plas-ticsD2240 Test Method for Rubber PropertyDurometer Hard-nessD3182 Practice for RubberMaterials, Equipment, and Pro-cedures for Mixing Standard Compounds and PreparingStandard Vulcanized SheetsD3892 Practice for Packaging/Packing of Plastics2.2 ISO Standards3ISO 2898-1 PlasticsPlasticide Compounds of Homopoly-mers and Copolymers of Vinyl Chloride PVC-PISO 2898-2 PlasticsPlasticide Compounds of Homopoly-mers and Copolymers of Vinyl Chloride PVC-PPart 2Preparation of Test Specimens and Determination ofProperties1This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee D20 onPlastics and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee D20.15 on ThermoplasticMaterials.Current edition approved Oct. 1, 2012. Published November 2012. Originallyapproved in 1964. Last previous edition approved in 2011 as D2287 - 11. DOI10.1520/D2287-12.2For referenced ASTM standards, visit the ASTM website, www.astm.org, orcontact ASTM Customer Service at serviceastm.org. For Annual Book of ASTMStandards volume information, refer to the standard’s Document Summary page onthe ASTM website.3Available from American National Standards Institute ANSI, 25 W. 43rd St.,4th Floor, New York, NY 10036, http//www.ansi.org.*A Summary of Changes section appears at the end of this standardCopyright ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. United States13. Terminology3.1 GeneralDefinitions are in accordance with Terminol-ogy D883 and abbreviations with Terminology D1600, unlessotherwise indicated.4. Classification4.1 Provision is made in this specification for the identifi-cation of vinyl chloride polymers and copolymers by use ofTerminology D1600. Additionally, there is provision for dis-tinguishing electrical grades and burning rate by suffix. Thesystem of classification provided in Table 1 permits character-ization and identification of all compounds having propertieswithin the ranges of the combinations that may be selectedfrom the table. Following type identification in accordancewith Terminology D1600, grades are designated by the cellnumber for each property in the order in which they are listedin Table 1, including the suffixes identifying electrical gradesand flammability when required. When a property is notspecified, a “0” is entered as the cell number unless identifi-cation is terminated prior to that point.NOTE 2The manner in which selected materials are identified isillustrated by the examples given belowNOTE 3The cell-type format provides means for close characteriza-tion and specification of material properties, alone or in combination, fora broad range of materials. This format, however, is subject to possiblemisapplication since unobtainable property combinations can be selectedif the user is not familiar with commercially available materials. Themanufacturer should be consulted.5. General Requirements5.1 Material shall be of uniform composition and be socompounded as to meet the requirements designated for it.5.2 The designated material shall contain the ingredientsnecessary to permit satisfactory processing with appropriateequipment under recommended or commercially acceptableconditions. There shall be no separation of components underconditions of application normal for these compounds.6. Significance and Use6.1 Means for selecting and identifying nonrigid vinylchloride compounds are provided in Table 1. The propertiesenumerated in this table and the tests defined are expected toTABLE 1 Detail Grade RequirementsDesignationOrder No.Property and UnitCell Limits0 1234567891 Durometer hardness, A scale unspecified 1.5973F/23C 1.24 1.29 1.34 1.39 1.44 1.49 1.593 Tensile strength, minMPa 24.1psi 35004 Volatile loss at 105C, max, unspecified 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 7.05 Brittleness temperature, max, C unspecified 0 −5 −10 −15 −20 −30 −40 −50 −60E Volume resistivity at 50C, min, Ω-cm unspecified 101110121013. . . . . .X Burning rate unspecified .A. . . . . . . .AWhen tested in accordance with Test Method D635, the compounds of this cell unit designation shall yield the following results average extent of burning of 25 mm;average time of burning of 10 s.D2287 − 122provide identification of the compounds selected. They are notnecessarily suitable for direct application in design because ofdifferences in shape of part, size, loading, environmentalconditions, etc. Only when specimens are molded in accor-dance with 11.1.1 can comparative data be expected. The testsselected can also be used for inspection or quality controlprovided that they are performed strictly in accordance with theinstructions given herein and in the designated methods so thatextraneous variables are minimized and results are reproducedwithin the limits of variability of the material being examinedand of the tests used for its examination.7. Detail Requirements7.1 Compliance with the designated requirements shall bedetermined with test specimens prepared of sheets molded inaccordance with 11.1.1 of this specification.7.2 Test values for specimens so prepared shall comply withthe designated requirements as given in Table 1.7.3 Subject to agreement between the purchaser and theseller, testing on specimens prepared of finished moldedarticles is permitted. It is possible results of such tests will notagree with the values given in Table 1. Therefore, in reports ofsuch tests, methods, and conditions of preparation, dimensions,and all other pertinent information shall be included.8. Contractual Requirements8.1 Nonrigid vinyl chloride plastics ordinarily are suppliedin either diced, pelletized, or granulated form. Particle sizeshall be as agreed between the purchaser and the seller. Otherforms are acceptable when agreed upon by the seller andpurchaser.8.2 Color and transparency or opacity of the materials, whenmolded under the conditions recommended by the seller, shallbe comparable within commercial tolerances with a standardspecimen of the same thickness furnished in advance by theseller.9. Number of Tests9.1 One set of test specimens as needed to verify therequirements selected in Table 1 and as prescribed in Section11 shall be considered sufficient for testing the material.10. Sampling10.1 Adequate statistical sampling before packaging is anacceptable procedure. A batch or lot of material shall beconsidered as a unit of manufacture prepared for shipment andis permitted to consist of a blend of two or more productionruns of material.10.2 Material shall be free of foreign matter to such a levelof contamination that is agreed upon between the purchaserand the seller.11. Test Methods11.1 The properties enumerated herein shall be determinedin accordance with the following methods11.1.1 Test SpecimensUnless otherwise specified, testspecimens shall be prepared of sheets 1.9 6 0.2 mm 0.075 60.010 in. thick molded by compression as described inPractice D3182. The conditions of molding shall be either asrecommended by the seller or in keeping with acceptedcommercial practice for the material being used. Specimensshall be of the shape and dimensions specified in the individualtest methods.11.1.2 ConditioningTest specimens of nonrigid vinylchloride plastics shall be conditioned in accordance withPractice D618, Procedure A.11.1.3 Test ConditionsTests shall be conducted in theStandard Laboratory Atmosphere of 23 6 2C 73 6 4F and50 6 10 relative humidity unless otherwise specified hereinor in the individual test methods.11.1.4 Durometer HardnessTest Method D2240 using a15-s interval as described in 10.2 of that method.11.1.5 Specific GravityTest Methods D792, Method A.Alternative methods of equal accuracy is permitted except forreferee tests.11.1.6 Tensile StrengthTest Method D638, Type IV. Testspeed shall be 50 mm/min 2 in./min 6 10 .11.1.7 Volatile LossTest Methods D1203, Method A. Testtemperature shall be 105C.11.1.8 Brittleness TemperatureTest Method D746.11.1.9 Volume ResistivityTest Methods D257. Test speci-mens shall be of any uniform thickness between 0.5 mm 0.020in. and 2.2 mm 0.085 in., test temperature shall be 50 61.0C, and electrodes are either conductive paints, or sprayedor evaporated metal as described in the section on ElectrodeSystems of Test Methods D257 and mounted as shown in thefigures illustrating a flat specimen for measuring volume andsurface resistances or conductances for flat, solid specimens inthat method. Applied voltage within the range 100 to 500 V isrecommended.11.1.10 Burning RateTest Method D635.12. Retest and Rejection12.1 If any failure occurs, the materials shall be retested toestablish conformity in accordance with agreement betweenthe purchaser and the seller.13. Packaging and Package Marking13.1 PackagingThe material shall be packaged in stan-dard commercial containers so constructed as to ensure accep-tance by common or other carriers for safe transportation at thelowest rate to the point of delivery, unless otherwise specifiedin the contract or order.13.2 Package MarkingUnless otherwise agreed betweenthe seller and the purchaser, shipping containers shall bemarked with the name of the material, the batch or lot number,and the quantity contained therein, as defined by the contract ororder under which shipment is made, the name of the seller,and the number of the contract or order.13.3 All packing, packaging, and marking provisions ofPractice D3892 shall apply to this specification.14. Keywords14.1 compounds; nonrigid; polyvinyl chloride; recycleplastics; vinyl chloride copolymersD2287 − 123SUMMARY OF CHANGESCommittee D20 has identified the location of selected changes to this standard since the last issue D2287 - 11that may impact the use of this standard. October 1, 20121 Removed Mercury and Mercury electrode references insection 11.1.9.Committee D20 has identified the location of selected changes to this standard since the last issueD2287 - 962010 that may impact the use of this standard. September 1, 20111 Corrected ISO statement in Note 1to be in accordance withGuide D4968.2 Removed non-mandatory language from 1.1, 1.3, 6.1, 7.3,8.1, 10.1, 10.2, 11.1.9, and 12.1.3 Deleted D412 and D1898; and added D638 in 2.1.4 Deleted year dates from ISO references in 2.2.5 Removed ‘PVC’ from examples in Note 2.6 Removed reference to D1898 in 10.1 since it has beendiscontinued.7 Revised 11.1.2, 11.1.5, 11.1.7, and 11.1.8.8 Increased humidity deviation to 6 10 from 5 in11.1.3.9 Revised 11.1.6 Reference D638, Type IV specimen. Settest speed.10 Added ‘nonrigid’ to Keywords.11 Corrected Specific Gravity temperature F in Table 1.ASTM International takes no position respecting the validity of any patent rights asserted in connection with any item mentionedin this standard. Users of this standard are expressly advised that determination of the validity of any such patent rights, and the riskof infringement of such rights, are entirely their own responsibility.This standard is subject to revision at any time by the responsible technical committee and must be reviewed every five years andif not revised, either reapproved or withdrawn. Your comments are invited either for revision of this standard or for additional standardsand should be addressed to ASTM International Headquarters. Your comments will receive careful consideration at a meeting of theresponsible technical committee, which you may attend. If you feel that your comments have not received a fair hearing you shouldmake your views known to the ASTM Committee on Standards, at the address shown below.This standard is copyrighted by ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959,United States. Individual reprints single or multiple copies of this standard may be obtained by contacting ASTM at the aboveaddress or at 610-832-9585 phone, 610-832-9555 fax, or serviceastm.org e-mail; or through the ASTM websitewww.astm.org. Permission rights to photocopy the standard may also

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